This new map illustrates who is most vulnerable to climate change.
A new map was released this week detailing where climate change has gone down or is about to go down, the hardest. Every society on Earth has been impacted by the changes — and will continue to be impacted as the situation grows worse — but some parts of the world seem to be more at risk than others.
Researchers, who published the map and their findings in Nature on Feb. 17, 2016, have introduced the Vegetation Sensitivity Index, which determines how vulnerable certain ecosystems are to the effects of climate change. The metric obviously has a major focus on vegetation and plant life because if we all take a moment to think about it, those things are really the lifeblood of every civilization — animal or human — on planet Earth.
The data was calculated by looking at satellite-measured vegetation ground cover and observing how it, along with air temperature, water availability, and degree of cloud cover, changed over a 13-year period. The study ran from 2000 to 2013 and looked at every single 2-square-mile block on the Earth’s surface. Here are the results. Green represents a low sensitivity, while red represents a very high sensitivity.