Heat Exhaustion Treatment
Call the emergency services if the person:
- Has a very high, weak pulse rate and rapid shallow breathing, especially when combined with high or low blood pressure
- Is unconscious, disoriented, or has a high body temperature
- Has warm, dry skin, elevated or lowered blood pressure, and is hyperventilating
1. Lower Body Temperature
- Get the person out of the heat and into a cool environment.
- If air-conditioning is not available, fan the person.
- Spray the person with a garden hose, get him into a cool shower, apply cool compresses, or give the person a sponge bath
- Give cool, nonalcoholic beverages as long as the person is alert.
- Have the person avoid physical activity for the rest of the day.
- Give over the counter acetaminophen if the person has a mild headache.
4. See a Health Care Provider
Untreated heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke. See a doctor that day if:
1. Stop the Bleeding
- Have the person sit up straight and lean forward slightly. Don’t have the person lie down or tilt the head backward.
- With thumb and index finger, firmly pinch the nose just below the bone up against the face.
- Apply pressure for 5 minutes. Time yourself with a clock.
- If bleeding continues after 5 minutes, repeat the process.
2. Call a Health Care Provider
See a health care provider immediately if:
- Nosebleed doesn’t stop after 10 minutes of home treatment.
- The person is taking blood thinners, such as warfarin (Coumadin) or aspirin, or has a bleeding disorder
- Nosebleed happens after a severe head injury or a blow to the face.
3. Medical Treatment
- The health care provider may use specialized cotton material, insert a balloon in the nose, or use a special electrical tool to cauterize the blood vessels.
4. Follow Up
- Broken noses often are not fixed immediately. The health care provider will refer the person to a specialist for a consultation once the swelling goes down.
- The person should avoid strenuous activity; bending over; and blowing, rubbing or picking the nose until it heals.
Food Poisoning Treatment
Call the emergency services if:
- You think the food poisoning may be from seafood or mushrooms
- If the person is severely dehydrated
How do I treat cuts and scrapes?
Elevate and apply ice for 20 minutes. Don’t massage the area.
For minor bleeding:
First wash your hands, then wash the wound thoroughly for at least three minutes with soap and water. Rinse the wound. If the wound is in an area that will get dirty, cover it with antibacterial ointment, gauze or an adhesive bandage for a few days, but change the gauze daily.
For heavy bleeding:
Put continuous, direct pressure with the palm of the hand on the wound to control bleeding. Use gauze or a towel. Wash the wound with soap and warm water. A tourniquet can be applied to a wound on a limb by placing the tourniquet above the wound, closest to the heart. Can not leave tourniquet on indefinitely but until EMS have arrived is a good plan.
Call an ambulance or go to the hospital if:
- The wound is large, deep or bleeding heavily
- Blood spurts from the wound
- The person can’t move or feel the body part below the wound
- The bleeding is still heavy after pressure has been applied for 15 minutes
See your doctor or go to the emergency department if:
- A one- to three-day-old wound shows signs of infection (redness, warmth, pain, swelling)
- Cuts are on the child’s palm, neck, face, or genitals
- Dirt or debris is embedded in the wound
- The child develops a fever or swollen glands after getting hurt
- The cut is made by a knife, scissors, or ragged piece of metal
How do I treat burns?
For chemical burns (caused by acids or chemicals):
Remove the clothing contaminated with the substance. Rinse the burned part of your child’s body with clear water for 20 minutes. If the chemical gets into the eyes, rinse with water for at least 30 minutes and, at the same time, call the regional poison control center about the need to go to an emergency room.
Do not rub the skin.
Do not apply ointments or butter. Call your physician for treatment advice.
For electrical burns (for example, from a power line):
A child with an electrical burn should go to the hospital right away. Electrical burns often cause serious injury inside the body, but may not show on the skin.
For burns from heat – hot water, stoves, heated appliances such as irons:
Do not remove the child’s clothing. Put the burned area of the body in cool tap water or under water from a hose if you are outdoors. Continue to cool the burn for at least 20 minutes.
Do not apply ointments or butter.
Call the doctor if:
- There are three or more blisters on the skin, or if a blister is bigger than 1 inch.
- It was an electrical burn or if the burn is on the face, neck, hands, feet or genitals.
- An explosion caused the burn.
- There are areas of white or charred skin
Call the emergency services if:
- The person is choking.
- The person is unconscious
While Waiting for the emergency services:-
If the Person Is Conscious but Not Able to Breathe or Talk:
1. Give Back Blows
- Give up to 5 blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand.
2. If Person Is Still Choking, Do Thrusts
If the person is not pregnant or obese, do abdominal thrusts:
- Stand behind the person and wrap your arms around the waist.
- Place your clenched fist just above the person’s navel. Grab your fist with your other hand.
- Quickly pull inward and upward.
- Continue cycles of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until the object is coughed up or the person starts to breathe or cough.
- Take the object out of his mouth only if you can see it. Never do a finger sweep unless you can see the object in the person’s mouth.
If the person is obese or pregnant, do high abdominal thrusts:
- Stand behind the person, wrap your arms them, and position your hands at the base of the breast bone.
- Quickly pull inward and upward.
- Repeat until the object is dislodged.
3. Give CPR, if Necessary
If the obstruction comes out, but the person is not breathing or if the person becomes unconscious:
- For a child, start CPR. Review techniques online or any reputable CPR curriculum.
- For an adult, start CPR Adults; Review current technique as above.
When emergency medical personnel arrive, they will take over and may do CPR or take the person to the hospital, if needed.
Catherine Broughton is a novelist. Her books are available on Amazon and Kindle, or can be ordered from most leading book shops and libraries. More about Catherine Broughton, to include her entertaining blogs and stories from all over the world, as well as he sketches and poetry, on http://www.turquoisemoon.co.uk
Click below for “The Man with Green Fingers”, a novel set in Cyprus and a UK best seller:-