Bomb crater in Phonsavan, Laos. Photo by author
Phonsavan is a few straight lines in a valley that is fringed with soft green hills. On these few straight lines are a couple hundred concrete cubes; restaurants, guest houses, mechanics dens, pharmacies and vendors that stock sandals and machetes.
Massive artillery shell casings sit rusted on store fronts, home to shrubs and cigarette butts instead of shrapnel and explosives. A missile suspended on a chain, painted crookedly in red: “good, cheap food.”
The skull and crossbones and the hulking shells appeal to my piratical sensibilities and draw me in to the Mine Advisory Group Phonsavan office.
Mine Advisory Group painstakingly cleans up unexploded ordinance (bombs) from conflict zones of wars past. The litter of war that may sit for decades after arms are laid aside.
Lebanon, Gaza, Somalia, Chad, Sudan, Cambodia, Angola…MAG has worked in 35 countries since 1989.
Illustrations depict the mechanics of cluster bombs. 300 baseball-sized explosives fill the weapon. A few hundred feet above the ground the cluster bomb is split in two and its payload fans out to a 100 square meter radius and then destroys everything. Everything that does not die is taken apart to shrieking pieces.
I face pictures of unsmiling armless villagers. Children. Pictures of men digging around the flanks of a half exposed unexploded missile, 30 years dormant.
A little man walks out from the back of the office space.
He was about to take his dinner, I can smell the broth, but now he stands a few feet from me smiling to himself, looking at the display in polite, mild interest:
Xieng Khonang is one of the most heavily bombed provinces in the most heavily bombed country in the world.
At least two million Tones of ordinance was dropped on Laos between ’64-’73.
metric tonne= 2205 lb.
2 million metric tonnes= 4,410,000,000 lb.
I just have to stand here for a minute and bite my lip thinking about 4.5 billion lb. of bombs… what that might look like. Some monstrous emotion wraps around my skull and I’m not really reading anymore, just looking forward.
It is estimated that up to 30% of this ordinance did not detonate. Decades later, unexploded ordinance (uxo) still contaminates rural areas in over half the country. 2,000 lb. shells are sold for $60 at the scrap yard. $100 if they still contain the powder. For many people this is worth the risk.
I feel sick. We did this. Facing the wall of pictures and statistics I clench my jaw and focus on the spot directly in front of me. Still I feel faint.
It’s estimated that the United States dropped 1 plane load of bombs on Laos, every 8 minutes for 9 years.
“Excuse me, where you from?” I didn’t really notice him sidle up to me.
“uuuuh, ” I scratch my eye, and look somewhere. I’m really tired.
“Aah, um… Ameri-”
My body would rather sob than say it. He takes a small step forward.
“It’s ok.” he says.
Also, please check out the video “Conflict Resolution,” a profile of MAG, Mine Advisory Group.