1. It is uncomfortable to talk about racism. It is more uncomfortable to live it.

2. “Colorblindness” is a cop-out.

The statements “but I don’t see color” or “I never care about color” do not help to build a case against systemic racism. Try being the only white person in an environment. You will notice color then.

3. Oprah’s success does not mean the end of racism.

The singular success of a black man or woman (i.e. Oprah, or Tiger Woods, or President Obama) is never a valid argument against the existence of racism. By this logic, the success of Frederick Douglass or Amanda America Dickson during the 19th century would be grounds for disproving slavery.

4. Reverse racism is BS, but prejudice is not.

Until people of color colonize, dominate and enslave the populations of the planet in the name of “superiority,” create standards of beauty based on their own colored definition, enact a system where only people of color benefit on a large-scale, and finally pretend like said system no longer exists, there is no such thing as reverse racism. Prejudice is in all of us, but prejudice employed as a governing structure is something different.

5. America has not “gotten over” its race-related problems.

In American History class you learned about slavery and Jim Crow, but sadly you were taught that figures like Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks eradicated an entire 200-year history of oppression, discrimination and segregation. Your history teachers and books tried to close the race chapter on a high note — but the ongoing history of America’s systemic racism cannot be wrapped up and decorated with a “now we are all equal” bow.

6. Google is your best friend.

Search: Black/White wealth gap, redlining, “White flight,” subprime mortgages and black families, discriminatory sentencing practices, occupational overcrowding, workplace discrimination, employment discrimination, mandatory minimum sentences and in-school segregation to start. Here are some highlights:

The median wealth gap difference between a white family and a black family is $80,000.

One in 9 black children has an incarcerated parent compared to 1 in 57 2hite children.

A white man who has been to jail is still more likely to get a job than a black man who hasn’t.

7. Then read some more.

Google: Black Wall Street, Sundown towns, eugenics and forced sterilization, and black voting prohibition.

8. Buy and read a book from a black author.

Some recommendations: W.E.B Dubois, James Baldwin, Frederick Douglass, Maya Angelou, Toni Morrison, Ralph Ellison, Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston would be a great start.

9. Realize that segregation is still rampant.

Step outside and take a look around your neighborhood. Lacking people of color much? That is called segregation. It is not by chance, though sometimes by choice. (Refer to your “redlining” Google search.)

About your neighborhood again: Displacing people of color much? That is called gentrification.

Think about the schools you went to and the classes you had. Not too many minorities in there either? (Refer to your Google search for “school segregation/in-school segregation.”)

10. Programs or initiatives that target systemic racism are not “charity.”

We do not refer to the 200 years of free labor provided by enslaved blacks as charity. Or the black property stolen by whites during the decades of state-supported terrorism. Or, say, the unfair banking practices that have completely decimated the black middle class through foreclosures.

11. “Black-on-black crime” is a term that shouldn’t exist.

There are countless white people committing crimes against white people, but “white-on-white crime” is strangely absent from the rhetoric reporting. White-on-white crime is seen in everything from elementary school shootings to world wars. Why should crimes committed by and against people of color be labelled any differently?

12. White people will not become the minority in America in the next 20 years.

“Whites” were originally Anglo-Saxon protestants (WASPs). The definition of “white,” as a racial classification, has evolved to include “whiter-skinned” minority groups who were historically discriminated against, barred from “whiteness” and thus had little access to opportunity. Some examples: Italians and the Irish (who were frequently referred to as n***ers in the 1800s), Jewish people and more recently hispanic (George Zimmerman) and Armenian minority groups. Such evolutions, however, always exclude blacks.

13. Hip-hop culture is no more dysfunctional than Wall Street culture.

At its worst, commercial “black culture” is a raw reflection of broader society. The caricatured imagery of drugs, money, and women are headlined most prominently by Wall Street, politicians, and media moguls but this reality never comes to reflect poorly on white people. America spends more on weaponry than the rest of the world combined but somehow it is the “violence” of hip-hop that is an exclusive pathology.

14. Black people are angry about racism, and they have every right to be.

Anger is a legitimate and justified response to years of injustice and invisibility.

15. There are poor white people, but racism and discrimination still exists.

The plight of the poor white Midwest always makes a convenient appearance to deflect any perceived accusation of privilege or to derail conversations of racism. Racist American policy was never about securing the success of all white people, but rather about legalizing the disenfranchisement of blacks and other people of color.

16. Silence does nothing.

Blank stares and silence do not further this difficult but necessary conversation.

17. White guilt is worthless, but white action isn’t.

One of the most immediate responses to racial discourse is that the effort is all about making white people feel guilty. Discourse about racism is not meant to stir up feelings of guilt, it is meant to drive people to action against injustice. During the times of slavery and the era of the Civil Rights movement, both black and white people played and continue to play instrumental roles in black advancement.

18. Black people are not obligated to answer the “Well, what do we do about it?” question.

Though many of us have tried and are not heard. The call for reparations in the form of “Baby Bonds” is a great idea. So is desegregating our classrooms and closing the school-to-prison pipeline. These courageous voices are speaking very loudly — it is time to start listening.

This article was originally published on The Frisky, it is republished here with permission.