I’m told English is one of the hardest languages to learn, and this has always surprised me. As a native English speaker, I have no frame of reference: I’ve been fluent since I was about 3 or 4 years old, and it’s always seemed natural and easy to me. On top of that, my second language, Spanish, has always felt pretty similar in structure and was relatively easy to learn. So I just assumed English was, too.

But Mitchell Moffit, creator of the YouTube channel AsapTHOUGHT, has broken down some of the many crazy, inexplicable quirks and difficulties of learning the English language.

The speech he gives is taken from Richard Lederer’s Crazy English and Richard Krogh’s “The English Lesson,” but I first heard it through the late, great folk singer Pete Seeger, who you should check out if you want the musical version.