Moving to a new country is one of the most expensive endeavours any of us will undertake. Naturally, it’s important to try and keep costs down. This can be done not only through practical steps prior to the move such as selling possessions no longer needed and comparing reliable moving companies via a site like Movehub, but also researching and preparing for the expenses of your new city. One effective way to do this is by comparing your new city to your old one, or one with which you are familiar. Enter Mercer’s 2015 Cost of Living ranking, a survey of the most expensive cities for expats.

The consultancy firm initially developed the list — one of the most comprehensive of its kind – to help multinational companies and governments determine wages and allowances for their expat workforce. Mercer’s methodology analyses the price of over 200 goods and services in over 360 cities that house substantial expat communities across the globe. Mercer uses New York as its base city and the US dollar as the base currency. The results differ from other surveys such as the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) Worldwide Cost of Living as Mercer focuses specifically on products bought by expats.

The top ten

The Angolan capital, Luanda, has topped the list for the third year running due to its high of cost of rent and imported goods, as well as ongoing security concerns in the oil-rich nation, which employers and employees must consider. There are the usual suspects in the list with Swiss cities locking down three of the top 10 positions, as well as Hong Kong, Singapore and Seoul moving up the rankings. Unsurprisingly, China has two cities, Shanghai and Beijing, near the top, meaning Asian cities account for half the top 10.

Euro slide

Many European currencies have weakened against the US dollar, meaning several European cities have moved down the rankings making them more affordable for expats from the US and outside the Eurozone. Interestingly, it’s not just Eurozone cities experiencing a slide: Moscow has dropped the most — 41 places — from 9th in 2014 to joint 50th with Washington, DC. Only the Swiss cities seemed to buck the trend following an unanticipated move by Switzerland’s central bank to remove a ceiling on the value of the country’s currency, the Swiss Franc.

This article originally appeared on Atlas & Boots — Travel with Abandon and is republished here with permission.

The Rankings

Rank City, Country 2014 ranking
1 Luanda, Angola 1
2 Hong Kong, Hong Kong 3
3 Zurich, Switzerland 5
4 Singapore, Singapore 4
5 Geneva, Switzerland 6
6 Shanghai, China 10
7 Beijing, China 11
8 Seoul, South Korea 14
9 Bern, Switzerland 8
10 N’Djamena, Chad 2
11 Tokyo, Japan 7
12 London, United Kingdom 12
13 Kinshasa, Congo, DR 20
14 Shenzhen, China 17
15 Guangzhou, China 24
16 New York City, United States 16
17 Victoria, Seychelles 13
18 Tel Aviv, Israel 18
19 Buenos Aires, Argentina 86
20 Lagos, Nigeria 25
21 Shenyang, China 54
22 Conakry, Guinea 34
23 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 67
24 Copenhagen, Denmark 15
24 Qingdao, China 48
26 Nanjing, China 47
27 Tianjin, China 50
28 Yangon, Myanmar 66
29 Chengdu, China 71
30 Libreville, Gabon 19
31 Sydney, Australia 26
32 Osaka, Japan 23
33 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 68
33 Baku, Azerbaijan 46
35 Abuja, Nigeria 36
36 Los Angeles, United States 62
37 San Francisco, United States 74
38 Oslo, Norway 20
39 Noumea, New Caledonia 22
40 Sao Paulo, Brazil 49
41 Taipei, Taiwan 61
42 Chicago, United States 85
42 Brazzaville, Republic of Congo 28
44 Beirut, Lebanon 63
45 Bangkok, Thailand 88
46 Paris, France 27
47 Melbourne, Australia 33
48 Perth, Australia 37
49 Dublin, Ireland 51
50 Washington D.C., United States 92
50 Moscow, Russia 9
52 Honolulu, United States 97
53 Milan, Italy 30
54 Amman, Jordan 103
55 Djibouti, Djibouti 101
56 Vienna, Austria 32
56 Miami, United States 98
58 Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire 43
59 Rome, Italy 31
60 Yaounde, Cameroon 44
61 Auckland, New Zealand 58
62 Accra, Ghana 128
63 Dhaka, Bangladesh 117
64 Boston, United States 109
65 Canberra, Australia 53
66 Brisbane, Australia 52
67 Helsinki, Finland 42
67 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 65
69 Amsterdam, Netherlands 39
70 Santiago, Chile 88
71 Adelaide, Australia 59
71 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 111
71 White Plains, United States 81
74 Mumbai, India 140
75 Manila, Philippines 125
76 Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 149
77 Dallas, United States 125
78 Douala, Cameroon 44
79 Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei 81
80 Nagoya, Japan 40
80 Birmingham, United Kingdom 90
82 Aberdeen, United Kingdom 94
83 Dakar, Senegal 40
83 Wellington, New Zealand 79
83 Montevideo, Uruguay 114
86 Hanoi, Vietnam 131
87 Munich, Germany 55
88 Morristown, United States 132
89 San Juan, Puerto Rico 139
90 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 135
91 Manama, Bahrain 150
92 Houston, United States 143
93 Maputo, Mozambique 122
94 Almaty, Kazakhstan 111
94 Luxembourg, Luxembourg 56
96 Port-au-Prince, Haiti 81
97 Kigali, Rwanda 146
98 Frankfurt, Germany 59
99 Istanbul, Turkey 135
99 Doha, Qatar 158
99 Jakarta, Indonesia 119
102 Brussels, Belgium 56
103 Atlanta, United States 147
104 Panama City, Panama 145
104 Nairobi, Kenya 117
106 Berlin, Germany 68
106 Seattle, United States 153
106 Stockholm, Sweden 38
109 Glasgow, United Kingdom 108
110 San Jose, Costa Rica 132
111 Riga, Latvia 75
111 Pointe-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe 70
113 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 115
114 Dusseldorf, Germany 73
115 Minneapolis, United states 156
115 Madrid, Spain 63
117 Muscat, Oman 168
117 Kuwait City, Kuwait 147
119 Vancouver, Canada 96
120 Cairo, Egypt 153
120 Bamako, Mali 29
122 Detroit, United States 160
122 Lima, Peru 135
124 Barcelona, Spain 71
124 Hamburg, Germany 76
126 Toronto, Canada 101
127 Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan 198
127 Belfast, United Kingdom 120
129 Colombo, Sri Lanka 164
130 St. Louis, United states 161
130 Pittsburgh, United states 162
132 New Delhi, India 157
133 Cleveland, United States 167
133 Cotonou, Benin 87
135 Portand, United States 166
136 Athens, Greece 78
137 Bratislava, Slovakia 84
137 Mexico, Mexico 150
139 Stuttgart, Germany 91
140 Casablanca, Morocco 107
140 Montreal, Canada 123
142 Phnom Penh, Cambodia 169
142 Prague, Czech Republic 92
144 Lome, Togo 105
145 Lisbon, Portugal 94
146 Calgary, Canada 125
147 Lyon, France 79
148 Bogota, Colombia 98
149 Guatemala City, Guatemala 170
150 Brasilia, Brazil 144
151 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 175
152 St. Petersburg, Russia 35
153 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 105
154 Quito, Ecuador 177
155 Niamey, Niger 103
155 Tallinn, Estonia 110
157 Chennai, India 185
157 Winston-Salem, United States 182
159 Limassol, Cyprus 113
160 Kingston, Jamaica 178
161 Ljubliana, Slovenia 116
162 Tashkent, Uzbekistan 180
162 Ottawa, Canada 152
162 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 186
165 Asuncion, Paraguay 176
165 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 173
167 Zagreb, Croatia 120
168 Harare, Zimbabwe 181
169 Nurnberg, Germany 129
170 Budapest, Hungary 135
171 Vilnius, Lithuania 130
172 Leipzig, Germany 141
173 Nouakchott, Mauritania 191
174 Port Louis, Mauritius 165
175 Warsaw, Poland 142
175 Rabat, Morocco 163
177 San Salvador, El Salvador 190
178 Bucharest, Romania 159
179 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 178
180 Lusaka, Zambia 174
181 Algiers, Algeria 124
182 Monterrey, Mexico 183
183 Bangalore, India 196
184 Kampala, Uganda 194
184 Kiev, Ukraine 98
186 Blantyre, Malawi 201
187 Sofie, Bulgaria 172
188 Islamabad, Pakistan 208
188 Gaborone, Botswana 197
190 Tegucigalpa, Honduras 200
191 Johannesburg, South Africa 203
192 Yerevan, Armenia 187
193 Kolkata, India 205
193 Tirana, Albania 189
195 La Paz. Bolivia 204
196 Belgrade, Serbia 184
196 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovinia 188
198 Tbilisi, Georgia 194
199 Managua, Nicaragua 207
200 Cape Town, South Africa 205
200 Minsk, Belarus 191
202 Banjul, Gambia 199
203 Skopje, Macedonia 193
204 Tunis, Tunisia 202
205 Karachi, Pakistan 211
206 Windhoek, Namibia 210
207 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 209