A country spanning an archipelago of 10 islands, The Republic of Cape Verde was completely inhabited before the arrival of the Europeans.
It's a land of volcanic origin. Most of its islands are flat, sandy, and dry. Despite the country’s name stemming from the Portuguese for “green,” most of the land is actually not verdant at all. Its rare geographic features sets it apart from its African neighbors, and is home to several rare endemic species like the Cape Verde warbler.
Keep reading to learn more about an island nation seemingly lost in the middle of Africa.