Japanese uses an SOV (Subject Object Verb) sentence structure whereas English is an SVO (Subject Verb Object) language. Essentially, trying to translate Japanese literally into English would make you sound rather like Yoda.
Unlike English or the Romance languages, in Japanese there are three lexical systems to juggle: hiragana, katakana, and kanji. On top of that, there are different tenses for levels of humbleness and informality. Japanese is also highly contextual, built on subtle hints rather than more direct communication.
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