Walk into nearly any restaurant in the Bahamas, and you’ll find a common theme across menus – conch (pronounced “konk”). It’s been a food source on the islands for 5,000 years, and tourists flock to the islands wanting to try the local delicacy in its many forms. The mollusk meat is so popular you might never realize it’s actually critically threatened. Luckily, local governments, scientists, and commercial fishers are banding together to make conch fishing more sustainable to ensure the tradition of cooking and eating conch dishes in the Bahamas isn’t lost forever.

Whether they realize it or not, tourists to the Bahamas have almost undoubtedly seen conch shells all over the islands. The spiral-shaped shells are distinctive and are often transformed into jewelry or souvenirs. Conch dishes represent a significant part of Bahamian culture and cuisine, and is a vital part of the economy.

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What are popular conch dishes?

Conch, indigenous to Bahamian waters, is farmed for the meat protected inside the shell. Conch dishes are a staple food with perceived health benefits (high protein, low fat) and versatility. Bahamians serve it up using a variety of cooking methods. Glance at the menu of any restaurant in any Bahamian town, and you’ll find some form of conch. It might be fried, frittered, or thrown into soups and salads. The calamari-like texture of conch makes it ideal for sushi, battered balls, burger patties, and chowder.

Is conch sustainable?

Intrepid travelers want to try the national dish of whatever country they find themselves in, but the question for ethically-minded individuals is: Should you eat an animal that’s critically threatened? The popularity of conch has become problematic in recent years. Researchers estimate that the conch population in the Bahamas has dropped by 71 percent, according to the Miami Herald. Even the Bahamian government is increasingly concerned about the overall conch population and its ability to survive the ongoing climate crisis, poaching, and overfishing. That’s why there has been a significant push for stricter fishing regulations and more sustainable conch fishing across the Caribbean.

Researches at NC State University launched a “Conchservation” campaign in 2013, to protect conch and research sustainable fishing methods. Over time, experts have identified conch farming techniques that make it viable long-term for both fisheries and conch to thrive.

These conservation efforts have resulted in some stricter fishing regulations that include conch limits. It’s also considered the best practice for fishermen to weigh and measure conch to decipher its maturity. Allowing conch shells to remain in the water until they are mature enough to be fished is critical for sustainable fishing practices. Female conchs reproduce once they are between 3 and 5 years old.

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Photo: theCarolynWitt/Shutterstock

It’s now also considered most ethical to harvest conch meat on the shore. This prevents people who harvest conch from hastily carving out the flesh and throwing shells overboard, creating meat waste and “graveyards” of shells that discourages other conchs from reproducing in those areas.

Despite these new measures being put into place, the Bahamas is still some of the laxest fishing regulations when it comes to conch. There really is no way to know for sure that the conch dishes you’re consuming is sustainably-sourced unless you see it being harvested from the shell onshore with your own two eyes. However, tourists can do their part by eating at locally-owned establishments so that money supports communities and families, rather than chains and corporations. Here are a few of the best restaurants where you can try conch dishes in the Bahamas.

The best restaurants in the Bahamas to try conch dishes

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Goldie’s Conch House

Goldie’s is a Nassau establishment that conch-lovers can’t miss. It’s a neon-painted eatery with indoor and outdoor seating you’ll have no trouble finding, especially since there will likely be a line out the door. The fried conch fritters at Goldie’s come with a side of delicious dipping sauce.

Where: 3JJR+237, Arawak Cay Dr, Nassau, Bahamas

Mckenzie’s Fresh Fish & Conch

Though Mckenzie’s is close to Atlantis on Paradise Island, there’s nothing resort-y about this restaurant. The charming pink stand’s outdoor seating makes it an excellent place for a quick lunch or casual dinner. Conch salad, a staple conch dish in the Bahamas, is similar to ceviche. In it, the conch meat is finely chopped and added to a mixture of other raw ingredients, including cucumbers, hot sauce, bell peppers, and sweet onion. Every spoonful is equal parts fresh and flavorful.

Where: 3MGH+643, The Dock,Paradise Island, Bridge, Bahamas

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The Poop Deck

The draw of this upscale dining establishment is the unobstructed views overlooking turquoise blue waters, but don’t let the clever name fool you – it’s all in jest. You can get cracked conch or fritters here, but the conch chowder is especially worth trying. Served with a side of johnny cake, the chowder’s spicy aroma wafts through the air before it’s brought to your table.

Where: 3MFJ+QWP, E Bay St, Nassau, Bahamas

Dino’s Gourmet Conch Salad

Head to Dino’s for the chef’s signature “tropical conch salad for an exciting new take on conch.” Dino’s twist on this classic island recipe combines fresh fruits like mango and pineapple. It’s a taste sensation that’s juicy and sweet.

Where: W Bay St, Nassau, Bahamas

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Photo: AllMyRoots/Shutterstock

Oh Andros

Grilled conch, conch fritters, conch salad, and more. You can count on a plate piled high with mounded portions of whatever variety you order. The grilled conch here is particularly exceptional. The meat is served with a side of rice and beans in true Bahamian style. However, the true mark of excellence is that the meat is tender but not chewy, the way conch can sometimes get if overcooked. Oh Andros manages to nail every variety of conch it offers.

Where: 3JHR+XH8, Nassau, Bahamas

The Corner Pocket

The Corner Pocket may not be a sit-down restaurant, but the quality of food here is outstanding. This food stand in Potter’s Cay, a short jitney ride from downtown Nassau, is worth traveling to for its conch salad. Ingredients are chopped on the spot and served fresh. A zesty combination of sweet onion, habanero, and lemon juice, among other secret ingredients make it perfectly refreshing after spending a day in the sun.

Where: Potter’s Cay

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Photo: BlueOrange Studio/Shutterstock

Firefly Bar & Grill

Located in beautiful Elbow Cay, Firefly Bar and Grill has a heaping selection of seafood, but their conch is the star of the menu and it’s highly popular amongst visitors. The restaurant is attached to a beautiful resort, but you don’t have to stay at an adjoining villa to enjoy a meal at the Firefly. The cracked conch served with a side of creamy macaroni and cheese.

Where: Centre Line Rd, Elbow Cay, Bahamas

Crab and Tings

Crab and Tings is exactly what most people think of when they think of Caribbean seaside shacks. It’s a small hut with outdoor seating so that you can chow down with your toes in the sand. Set against a tropical background of blue ocean and palm trees, Crab and Tings is always busy churning out trademark cocktails and cracked conch to ravenous beachgoers. It could be the proximity to the water, but the fried conch tastes remarkably fresh. Mama Sue, the owner of this small business, takes great pride in her classic Bahamian recipes, so you can eat knowing you’re getting truly Bahamian cuisine made with love.

Where: 3JHX+GV2, Nassau, Bahamas