Zimbabwe’s former president, Robert Mugabe, has just died at the age of 95. He first took office in 1980, following the country’s independence from Britain and was overthrown in 2017 during a military takeover. At the time, he was the world’s oldest head of state.

His political legacy is a mixed bag of heroism and authoritarianism. Although he was hailed as the liberator of Zimbabweans from white colonial rule and a fierce defender of African unity, he was also accused, in the later years of his administration, of dictatorship, corruption, and ineptitude to run his country.

Mugabe’s death was announced by current Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa. On Twitter, he called Mugabe “Zimbabwe’s founding father” and “an icon of liberation, a pan-Africanist who dedicated his life to the emancipation and empowerment of his people.”

Robert Mugabe is said to have died in Singapore, where he was receiving treatment for his failing health.